25 Nov What Is a Project Deliverable? Definition, Examples & More
Projects create deliverables, which are simply the results of the project or the processes in the project. That means a deliverable can be something as big as the objective of the project itself or the reporting that is part of the larger project.
Another way to put that is that there are inputs and outputs in any type of project. That being what you put into the project, such as data, resources, etc., and then what comes out, which are the deliverables. Again, those deliverables can be a product or service and it can also be the documentation that is part of the project closure to show that the project is complete and everything has been signed off.
Project vs Product Deliverables
There is a distinction between project and product deliverables. Project deliverables are such outputs as the project plans, project reports and even meeting minutes. Product deliverables, on the other hand, could be hardware, software, mobile applications, contracts, or even test assessment results.
The deliverables that clients and stakeholders expect at the end of the project are the product or service, of course, but there is also paperwork, as noted. These documents, when completed, are deliverables that clients and stakeholders need in order to evaluate the progress or completion of the project.
This paperwork can include:
- Signed contracts
- Finalized expense reports
- Other types of project reports which show how work is proceeding versus project plan estimations
Deliverables can vary according to the project’s specifications and the stakeholders’ requirements. But all clients and stakeholders want deliverables that thoroughly wrap up the project at its closure and measure performance against expectations throughout the project.
How to Present Deliverables to Stakeholders
Project managers’ reports are the means by which these types of deliverables are presented to clients and stakeholders. Different stakeholders have different needs, so flexibility and customization is import for effective reporting. In order to meet their needs, a project management software must be able to filter the many data inputs to deliver the proper output.
ProjectManager.com has the flexibility and customization to create the deliverable that is appropriate for the project and its clients and stakeholders. Our project management software provides this and more, no matter where you are in the project life cycle.
ProjectManager.com Helps You to Build Project Deliverables
Creating deliverables for stakeholders is easy using these reports:
- Project status report
- Variance report
- Timesheet report
Compiling project status reports is a great way to:
- Illustrate for stakeholders how work is proceeding
- Show which team members are carrying the heaviest loads, and if adjustments need to be made
- Outline room for improvement as the project moves ahead or at closure
Watch this video for an overview of creating status reports in ProjectManager.com, then read on for spotlights on the different types of reports we offer.
Our project status reports are highly-customizable, with options to select a wide variety of columns and data sets to pull back exactly the information you’re seeking on the project’s status.
Below is an example of a project status report that can be generated with several variables including Work Breakdown Structure (WBS), planned start and finish dates, planned hours, percent complete, task assignments, start dates and actual hours:
Variance reports can be customized to include only summary tasks, completion percentage, and a comparison of the actual progress of the project versus the forecasted progress:
The resulting report shows a side-by-side comparison of predicted start and finish dates, predicted hours versus actual hours spent and that difference, and the difference in predicted project duration and how long it has actually taken to date:
Timesheet reports provide a bird’s-eye view of each individual’s hours worked on a project.
They also show:
- Assignment of tasks to team members and the importance of those tasks
- Each individual’s hourly rate, and
- Many other factors related to resources, time and cost
The timesheet shows the person submitting the time, the date of submission, how many individual hours they worked during the selected timeframe, their WBS and how many hours they have remaining in the selected timeframe:
An example of a timesheet for one person working on multiple projects during one timeframe.
Consistent use of these three reports helps keep your team on time, under budget and within scope. Lessons learned libraries can also be a great tool to help build upon successes and avoid duplicating mistakes in future projects.
Lessons Learned Libraries
Creating a lessons learned library is a great way to compile takeaways from projects. It’s a central place to view work that exceeded expectations, and also work that could have been better. As a new project kicks off, project managers use this resource to plan for known roadblocks.
Development of deliverables doesn’t just happen during project closure. Project sponsors also expect deliverables during the initiation, planning and execution phases of a project. Let’s take a look at the types of deliverables created in these phases in greater detail.
Project Deliverables Expected Prior to Closure
Final deliverables outline a project’s entire scope of work, while deliverables created during earlier phases of a project are based on short-term snapshots of project activity.
Initiation phase deliverables can include a project charter or a business case. The lessons learned library is accessed at the outset of the planning phase, so information can be used from previous projects to better inform planning of the next project. The communications plan, risk and issue management plan, change management plan, procurement plans and overall project schedule are also created during the planning phase. There are documents surrounding each of these plans which inform stakeholders and clients as the plan is being developed.
Referencing the project plan is the most common activity during project execution. All project activity is managed against the project plan.
Tracking of project execution includes:
- Performance reports to measure how work is going and team members are performing
- Risk and issue logs to track issues that need to be addressed, and
- Change logs that identify changes made to the project plan and how these are affecting the project
Stakeholders and clients can demand reports and logs on a moment’s notice. Always be prepared is the moral of the story.
Stakeholders and clients can request deliverables on a moment’s notice. Being able to shift on the fly and produce what your client wants requires a strong project management tool to keep things organized and up-to-date. ProjectManager.com is all online, so team members can collaborate on deliverables and rapidly prepare best possible outputs. Try our award-winning software with this free 30-day trial.